Dangers of high blood sugar
Unchecked blood sugar can turn into diabetes. This can affect your organs such as heart, blood vessels , eyes, kidneys, nerves, gastrointestinal tract, gums and teeth.
Diabetes long term effects damages…
- Diabetes increases the chances of heart attack or stroke in patients.
- Diabetes may cause high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
- High glucose can harm blood vessels and nerves, this leads to cardiovascular damage.
- Heart disease and stroke are the most common causes of death in adults with diabetes. Because diabetes can lead to atherosclerosis or hardening and narrowing of the arteries, producing high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, inflicting damage to the heart.
- Moreover, there are other diseases derived from high blood pressure…
…including metabolic syndrome, narrowing of the arteries, aneurysm, and stroke. Narrowing of the arteries interferes with blood flow in the cardiovascular system. Fats can collect in the damage arteries and obstruct the flow of blood throughout the body. Also, you can develop an aneurysm, which is a bulge in the artery that can break resulting in internal bleeding.
Similarly to the heart, hypertension affects blood flow to the brain. A stroke occurs when the brain does not receive enough oxygen. Brain cells die when not enough oxygen reaches them. Long term problems with brain circulation may lead to cognitive diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Hypertension is a leading cause of kidney failure. Damaged blood vessels lead to deterioration of internal organs, including the kidneys. Kidneys are responsible for removing wastes and extra fluid from the body. A malfunction of this organ induces even higher blood pressure as the kidneys work harder attempting to resume its function. Hypertension is the second leading cause of kidney failure in the US, followed by diabetes. High blood pressure can also cause an aneurysm in the kidney, potentially leading to internal bleeding.
High blood sugar can also affect nerve tissues; long term damage can result in diabetic neuropathy. Neuropathy originates from peripheral nerve damage. This results in the interruption of the communication between the nerves from the brain, spinal cord and the rest of the body. Peripheral neuropathy may have other causes, high blood glucose levels being the most common.
High blood sugar can cause damage to nerves related to the digestive system. The stomach and intestines have contractions as part of the digestive process. These contractions can slow down, which causes food to stay longer in the body than normal. This can lead to a condition commonly known as a “diabetic stomach” or gastroparesis.
Gastroparesis symptoms may include:
- abdominal bloating
- malnutrition and lack of appetite
Gums and Teeth:
Sugar is a known contributor to tooth decay. You do not have to be diabetic to suffer damage from too much sugar in your diet. Plaque is a bacteria that attach to the teeth and feeds from different types of sugar. It produces acids that eat through the enamel which protects the teeth. The wearing of the enamel results in constant tooth decay.
To make matters worse…
…those of you who have diabetes are at a much higher risk.
Medications may reduce the production of saliva, which keeps your mouth cleaner by naturally rinsing it. Gums may become inflamed and bleed, that is known as gingivitis.
The risk of periodontal disease is high on those who have diabetes. Periodontal disease destroys the connective tissues that hold your teeth and gums. Incidence of diabetics with periodontal disease is high.
Uncheck high blood sugar leads to diabetes
In general, high blood sugar can damage blood vessels, organs and nerves. Diabetes can take on average 10 years off from your life. Diabetes not only reduces your chances for a longer life expectancy, but it also greatly diminishes your quality of life.