Diabetes Medications

Common diabetes medications


diabetes medicine

diabetes medicine

    1. Sulfonylureas: Treatment for type 2 diabetes in people with beta cells that still are producing insulin. Beta cells reside in the pancreas, storing and releasing insulin. Moreover, Sulfonylureas stimulate the release of insulin, but do not reduce insulin resistance.
    2. Biguanides: Treatment for type 2 diabetes. Reducing the amount of sugar produced by the liver, while increasing the amount of sugar absorbed by muscle cells and decreasing
      insulin resistance. Biguanides prevent the liver from
      converting fats and amino-acids into glucose.

  1. Gliptins: These are DPP-4 inhibitors; DPP-4 is an enzyme which destroys incretin. By inhibiting or preventing the destruction of incretin, the body keeps more of it. Incretin is a hormone that stimulates insulin secretion whenever food is consumed and reduces the amount of glucose produced by the liver when is no longer needed.
  2. Alpha-glucoside inhibitors: Use as treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is the most common form of diabetes. This form of diabetes causes frequent urination due to high blood sugar produced when the body cannot use glucose, this way the body removes the excess sugar. Alpha-glucoside inhibitors prevents carbohydrates from being digested. Carbohydrates are normally converted to sugar during digestion, therefore this medication prevents that process.
  3. Sodium-Glucose transporter-2 inhibitors: First, we need to understand what is SGLT2, stands for sodium glucose co-transporter 2, which is a protein that is a major co-transporter involved in glucose re-absorption in the kidney, by executing 90% of re-absorption. The SGLT2 inhibitors work by blocking this re-absorption process in the kidney, as a result it increases the excretion of sugar from the body. Because the sugar is not being reabsorbed into the kidneys, which normally sends glucose back into the bloodstream, the result is lower blood sugar.


Diabetes Medications Potential Side Effects

Sulfonylureas common side effects include:

  1. confusion
  2. nervousness
  3. hunger weight gain
  4. skin reactions
  5. upset stomach
  6. dark-colored urine

Biguanides side effects:

  1. lactic acidosis or build up of lactic acid in blood and muscles
  2. diarrhea
  3. nausea
  4. vomiting
  5. flatulence
  6. weakness

Meglitinides side effects include:

  1. Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar (Hypoglycemia symptoms:  mental confusion, fatigue, sweating, hunger, irritability etc.)
  2. Weight gain
  3. gastrointestinal problems
  4. potential upper respiratory infection
  5. back pain

Gliptins side effects:

  1. gastrointestinal problems
  2. nausea
  3. diarrhea
  4. stomach pain
  5. Flu-like symptoms
  6. headache
  7. runny nose
  8. sore throat
  9. skin reactions

Alpha-glucoside inhibitors side effects include:

  1. bloating
  2. nausea
  3. flatulence
  4. diarrhea

Sodium-Glucose transporter-2 inhibitors side effects include:

  1. potential urinary tract infections
  2. potential hypoglycemia

Diarrhea is one of the most common side effects of diabetes medicine. Because of this, I am including specific symptoms of diarrhea next:

  1. urgent need to defecate
  2. watery stools
  3. abdominal cramps and pain
  4. fever
  5. bloating
  6. nausea
  7. blood in the stool

“All diabetes medicines have multiple side effects. Diabetes is likely to be more difficult to control over time. On average, diabetics may cause you to lose up to 10 glorious years of life. Also reduces quality of life, due to all the medications and everyday adjustments necessary to control the disease.”

***Are you concern about regulating blood sugar? Then, select the link under the image to learn about how to improve blood sugar control without medication…